Yeast Infection

What is Yeast Infection?

Is a common fungal infection that occurs when there is overgrowth of the fungus called Candida. Candida is always present in the body in small amounts. However, when an imbalance occurs, such as when the normal acidity of the vagina changes or when hormonal balance changes, Candida can multiply. When that happens, symptoms appear.

What are the symptoms of Yeast Infection?

Women with Yeast infection usually experience genital itching or burning, with or without a “cottage cheese-like” vaginal discharge. Males with Yeast infection may experience an itchy rash on the penis.. Rarely, Yeast infection can be passed from person to person, such as through sexual intercourse.

How is Yeast infection transmitted?

Nearly 75% of all adult women have had at least one genital “yeast infection” in their lifetime. On rare occasions, men may also experience Yeast infection. Yeast infection occurs more frequently and more severely in people with weakened immune systems. There are some other conditions that may put a woman at risk for Yeast infection Pregnancy

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • Use of corticosteroid medications

How is Yeast infection diagnosed?

The symptoms of Yeast infection are similar to those of many other genital infections. Usually the diagnosis is made by taking a sample of the vaginal secretions and looking at it under a microscope to see if Candida organisms are present.

How is Yeast infection treated?

Several antifungal drugs are available to treat Yeast infection. Antifungal vaginal suppositories or creams are commonly used. The duration of the treatment course of suppositories and creams ranges from single dose therapy to 7 days of therapy. Uncomplicated Yeast infection may also be treated with single-dose of diflucan. Diflucans should be avoided in pregnancy. These drugs usually work to cure the infection (80%-90% success rate), but some people will have recurrent or resistant infections. Short-course treatments should be avoided in recurrent or resistant infection.

What is the difference between the 3-day treatments and the 7 day treatments for Yeast Infection?

The only difference between these is the length of treatment. Three-day and 7-day treatments may both be effective.

Are over-the-counter (OTC) treatments for Yeast infection safe to use?

Over-the-counter treatments for Yeast infection are available. As a result, more women are diagnosing themselves with Yeast infection and using one of a family of drugs called “azoles” for therapy. However, misdiagnosis is common, and studies have shown that as many as two-thirds of all OTC drugs sold to treat Yeast infection were used by women without the disease. Using these drugs when they are not needed may lead to a resistant infection. Resistant infections are very difficult to treat with the currently available medications for Yeast infection.

Can Yeast infection become resistant to treatment?

Overuse of these antifungal medications can increase the chance that they will eventually not work (the fungus develops resistance to medications). Therefore, it is important to be sure of the diagnosis before treating with over-the-counter or other antifungal medications.

What will happen if a person does not seek treatment for Yeast Infection?

Symptoms, which may be very uncomfortable, may persist. There is a chance that the infection may be passed between sex partners.

How can someone tell the difference between Yeast infection and a urinary tract infection?

Because yeast infections and urinary tract infections share similar symptoms, such as a burning sensation when urinating, it is important to see a doctor and obtain laboratory testing to determine the cause of the symptoms and to treat effectively.